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Crypto native token transfers and wrapped assets

Ethan P. | 12 March 2024

Native Token Transfers: A Revolution in Interoperability

Interoperability has long been a challenge in cryptocurrency, hindering the seamless transfer of assets between different blockchain networks. While wrapped assets have provided a solution, they come with limitations that prompt the exploration of alternative approaches.

The State of Wrapped Assets

Wrapped assets have been instrumental in enabling cross-chain transfers, allowing assets to be utilised across various blockchain networks. However, they have limitations such as liquidity fragmentation and inconsistency in functionality across chains.

Limitations of Wrapped Assets

  • Liquidity Fragmentation: Transferring assets via different interoperability protocols results in non-fungible assets, leading to fragmented liquidity and sub-optimal markets.
  • Inconsistency in Functionality: Wrapped assets may not retain their advanced functionality across chains, as they are owned by the smart contracts that create them.

The Need for Alternative Solutions

As DeFi protocols mature and become more complex, there is a pressing need for alternative solutions that address the limitations of wrapped assets and harmonise disparate token deployments.

Native Token Transfers: A Next-Generation Approach

Native token transfers represent a new paradigm in interoperability, offering a more seamless and efficient method for transferring assets between blockchains.

Advantages of Native Token Transfers

  • Ownership and Control: Projects maintain ownership, upgradeability, and customizability over their tokens across different chains, reducing liquidity fragmentation.
  • Consistency in Functionality: Tokens maintain their unique characteristics and functionality, irrespective of the blockchain to which they are transferred.

Native Burn-and-Mint Model

One approach gaining traction is the native burn-and-mint model, which involves burning the native token on the source chain and minting the equivalent native token on the destination chain. This ensures a seamless transfer process without relying on wrapped representations.

Cross-Chain Liquidity Networks

Cross-chain liquidity networks offer another avenue for native token transfers, providing decentralised solutions for asset swaps between blockchains. These networks facilitate cross-chain transfers without the need for wrapped representations.

Flexibility and Control

The native token transfer model decouples the token transfer process from underlying interoperability protocols, providing projects greater flexibility and control. Builders can configure advanced verification mechanisms and choose between different interoperability protocols to optimise the transfer process.

As DeFi continues to evolve, native token transfers are poised to play a crucial role in driving interoperability and fostering a genuinely interconnected multichain ecosystem. By addressing the limitations of wrapped assets and offering enhanced usability and flexibility, native token transfers represent a significant step forward in the evolution of decentralised finance.


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